【数据库】redis的发布订阅功能

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redis提供了简单的发布订阅功能,对于一些合适的场景(比如不要求消费者不在线时也能收到离线消息),比起专业的MQ来说,用起来更简单些。本文主要是记录下怎么在SpringBoot里头使用redis的发布订阅功能。

定义生产者

配置

@Bean
    MyPublisher redisPublisher(RedisConnectionFactory factory) {
        return new MyPublisher( redisTemplate(factory), topic() );
    }
    @Bean
    ChannelTopic topic() {
        return new ChannelTopic( "pubsub:queue" );
    }

生产者实例

public class MyPublisher {
    private final RedisTemplate< String, Object > template;
    private final ChannelTopic topic;
    private final AtomicLong counter = new AtomicLong( 0 );
    public MyPublisher( final RedisTemplate< String, Object > template,
                               final ChannelTopic topic ) {
        this.template = template;
        this.topic = topic;
    }
    @Scheduled( fixedDelay = 100 )
    public void publish() {
        template.convertAndSend( topic.getTopic(), "Message " + counter.incrementAndGet() +
                ", " + Thread.currentThread().getName() );
    }
}

定义消费者

配置

//subscribe
    @Bean
    MessageListenerAdapter messageListener() {
        return new MessageListenerAdapter( new MyMessageListener() );
    }
    @Bean
    RedisMessageListenerContainer redisContainer(RedisConnectionFactory factory) {
        final RedisMessageListenerContainer container = new RedisMessageListenerContainer();
        container.setConnectionFactory(factory);
        container.addMessageListener(messageListener(), topic());
        return container;
    }

消费者实例

public class MyMessageListener implements MessageListener {
    @Override
    public void onMessage( final Message message, final byte[] pattern ) {
        System.out.println( "Message received: " + message.toString() );
    }
}

运行

  .   ____          _            __ _ _
 /\\ / ___'_ __ _ _(_)_ __  __ _ \ \ \ \
( ( )\___ | '_ | '_| | '_ \/ _` | \ \ \ \
 \\/  ___)| |_)| | | | | || (_| |  ) ) ) )
  '  |____| .__|_| |_|_| |_\__, | / / / /
 =========|_|==============|___/=/_/_/_/
 :: Spring Boot ::        (v1.3.2.RELEASE)
2016-02-16 00:14:08.190  INFO 1481 --- [           main] com.codecraft.RedisdemoApplication      : Starting RedisdemoApplication on Jupiter.local with PID 1481 (/Users/codecraft/workspace/redisdemo/target/classes started by codecraft in /Users/codecraft/workspace/redisdemo)
2016-02-16 00:14:08.193  INFO 1481 --- [           main] com.codecraft.RedisdemoApplication      : No active profile set, falling back to default profiles: default
2016-02-16 00:14:08.242  INFO 1481 --- [           main] s.c.a.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext : Refreshing org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext@140e5a13: startup date [Tue Feb 16 00:14:08 CST 2016]; root of context hierarchy
2016-02-16 00:14:09.756  INFO 1481 --- [           main] o.s.j.e.a.AnnotationMBeanExporter        : Registering beans for JMX exposure on startup
2016-02-16 00:14:09.763  INFO 1481 --- [           main] o.s.c.support.DefaultLifecycleProcessor  : Starting beans in phase 0
2016-02-16 00:14:09.807  INFO 1481 --- [           main] o.s.c.support.DefaultLifecycleProcessor  : Starting beans in phase 2147483647
2016-02-16 00:14:09.897  INFO 1481 --- [           main] com.codecraft.RedisdemoApplication      : Started RedisdemoApplication in 2.215 seconds (JVM running for 2.589)
Message received: "Message 1, pool-1-thread-1"
Message received: "Message 2, pool-1-thread-1"
Message received: "Message 3, pool-1-thread-1"
Message received: "Message 4, pool-1-thread-1"
Message received: "Message 5, pool-1-thread-1"
Message received: "Message 6, pool-1-thread-1"
Message received: "Message 7, pool-1-thread-1"
Message received: "Message 8, pool-1-thread-1"
Message received: "Message 9, pool-1-thread-1"
Message received: "Message 10, pool-1-thread-1"

以上就是redis的发布订阅功能的详细内容,更多请关注ki4网其它相关文章!


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